Introduction Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India in northeast India. The state is known as the orchid state of India. It was formed on 20 February 1987. The capital of the state is Itanagar. Itanagar is the largest city in the state. It consists of 25 districts. History Kalika Purana and Mahabharata literature mentioned Arunachal Pradesh. The place was known for the Prabhu mountains. It is the place where Sage Vyasa meditated, King Bismak established the kingdom, Sage Parashurama atone for his sin and Lord Krishna married Rukmini. The state was known as the North-East Frontier Agency till 1972. On 20th January 1972, it became a Union Territory. Fairs and festivals The fairs and festivals are celebrated to thank God for his prophecy. The popular fairs and festivals are Torgya festival, Dukpa tseshi, Ganden Ngamchoe, Mopin, Solung, Oriah, Reh, Losar festival, Saka Dawa, Dree, and Lhabab Duechen. Geography Arunachal Pradesh is situated in Northeast India. It covers an area of 83,743 km². The forest covers 80% of the area, land covers 18% of the area, and 2% is covered by water. The state shares international borders with Myanmar, Tibet, Bhutan, and national borders with Nagaland and Assam. Demographics The total population of the state is 13.84 Lakhs as per the 2011 census. The male population is 713,912, and the female population is 669,815. Culture The state has a richness of anthropology. The people of the state are very skilled in carpet weaving, wood carving, ornament making, pottery, bamboo work, painting cane, and many others. The culture of the state is very distinctive as it is the home of distinctive tribes. There are almost 26 tribes and 100 sub-tribes along with their customs and traditions. Language Language is the ability to communicate or express your feelings, queries, and desires to others. Hence, English is the official language of the state. Education The literacy rate of the state is 66.95%, while the male literacy rate is 73.69% and the female literacy rate is 59.57%. The state is trying to improve the literacy rate. There are 36 institutions throughout the state offering various undergraduate courses, and other specialized degrees. Jawaharlal Nehru college is the first college, and it was established in 1964. North East Frontier Technical University is the first technical university. It was established in 2014. Tourism The state has various pilgrimage and worship places such as Parasuramkund, the beauty of nature such as Ganga lakes, and Sela lake, and the state is home to thousands of species of flora and fauna in the lush green meadows and snow-clad silver mountain peaks. The archaeological sites are Itanagar and Malinithan. Dances and music Dance and music are essential parts of the lifestyle of the state. Aji Lamu, Poplar, Ponung, Hiirii Khaniing, Peacock dance, Pasi Kongki, Rekham Pada, Roppi, and Lion are the most popular traditional dance forms of the state. The famous music is Niyoga, Ja-Jin-Ja, and Bari. Cuisine Rice is the most common staple in the cuisine of the state. Rice is preferred to eat with different flavors such as meat, fish, and green vegetables. The most popular traditional dishes are momos and Thukpa.
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