A Brief Introduction of About Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh is the state of the central region. The state has 28 districts. Raipur is the capital of the state. The largest cities in the state are Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, and Bhilai. It is the fastest-growing state in India. The state has been recognized as the cleanest state. The state produces and supplies rice for 70% of the country that's why it is known as the bowl of rice. Apart from this, the state is also popular for Kosa silk and Bell metal art.
Before independence, Chhattisgarh was a princely state and came under British rule. Later, in 1956, the state was merged with Madhya Pradesh. But on 1st November 2002, it was separated from Madhya Pradesh.
Fairs and festivals
Chhattisgarh is the land of rich culture along with tradition. The fairs and festivals bring happiness to themselves. Indian festivals make every Indian excited and crazy. The most popular festivals and fairs of the state are Durga Puja, Bastar Lokotsav, Madai Festival, Rajim Kumbh Mela, and Nara Narayan Mela.
The state is located in the central region of India. It covers an area of 135.192 km². Its central part is fertile, while the northern and southern parts are hilly. The boundary of the state is covered by – Orissa (east side), Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh (west side), Telangana (south side), and Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand (north side). The state is rich in various minerals such as limestone, dolomite, iron ore, coal, and bauxite. The three major rivers – Mahanadi, Indravati, Hasdeo, and Shivnath originate from the hill.
According to the 2011 census, the total population of the state is 25,540,198 and 93.25% population is Hinduism, while 2.02% is Islam community, and 1.92% is Christianity, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, or other religions.
Chhattisgarh has a unique lifestyle. It is cultured by over 35 different tribes. The clothing of women of the state is `Polka` which means blouse and `Lugda` means sari along with beautiful jewelry.
The official and most spoken language in Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi and Hindi, while additional languages are Urdu, Marathi, Punjabi, and Oriya. Gondi is spoken by Gond.
The state has various locations to visit such as tiger reserves, wildlife sanctuaries, caves, national parks, jungle safari, waterfalls, dams, hot springs, temples, Buddhist sites, and places like Mainpat (mini Shimla).
The total number of literate people in Chhattisgarh is 25,540,196. The female literacy rate is 60.59% and 81.45% is the male literacy rate. Guru Ghasidas University is the central and oldest university located in Bilaspur.
Dances and music
The dance and music of Chhattisgarh are a dose of energy booster. The dance forms and different styles of music are rooted in the land of Chhattisgarh. Nacha, Panthi, Pandwani, Bhatra Naat, Kaksar, Saila, Khamb-swang, Macao-Pata, Raai, Sowa, and Chaitra are the several dance forms of the state. Bharthari, Pandavani, and Chandani are the indigenous forms of music.
Chhattisgarh is known for its food culture, including major crops like rice, Bajra, and jawar. The famous dishes of Chhattisgarh are Chousela, Safauri, Moong Bara, Alamat, Thethari Bhajia, and Farra.
All District of Chhattisgarh
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