A Brief Introduction of About Jharkhand


Jharkhand is a state which is located in India. Jhar means forest and Khand means land which means land of forest. Ranchi is the capital and Dumka is the sub-capital of the state. Thus, Ranchi is the largest city in the state. The state has 24 districts. The state has a richness of mineral resources after Chhattisgarh. In 2008, Jharkhand became the first state to provide free haircuts to poor students and thus provide employment opportunities to barbers.


During the Mughal period, the state was famous for Diamonds.

In 1995, Mukti Morcha was started in Jharkhand to establish Jharkhand as a separate province. Later, on 15th November 2000, Jharkhand became a state.

Fairs and festivals

There are numerous festivals due to its distinct tribal cultures such as Karam, Bhagat Parab, Bandana, Rohini, Jawa, Sarhul, Makar, and Jaani Shikaar. Their fairs are mainly related to the sale and purchase of cattle such as Bhadli Mela, Tutilawa, Kolhua, Kundri, and Belgrade.


Jharkhand is in eastern India. Jharkhand is situated on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It covers an area of 7,970,0hectaresare. It shares a boundary with West Bengal in the east, Odisha in the south, Bihar in the north, and Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh in the west.


The state has a population of 32,988,134 as per the 2011 census. The majority of the people are Hinduism. It ranks 14th among the populous states.


Jharkhand is famous for its tribal culture. The culture is influenced by different religions such as Jainism, Buddhism, Mughals, and Hinduism. The traditional attire of women and men is Panchi, Parham, and Bhagwan. Jharkhand is also famous for its arts and crafts culture such as toy making, ornament making, stone carving, metalwork, Patkar painting, and much more.


Language is the group of words that helps to convey our feelings or emotions. The legitimate language is Hindi, while additional languages are Bhojpuri, Kharia, Khortha, Kurukh, Maithili, Kurmali, Odia, Santali, Urdu, Bengali, Angika, Ho, Magahi, Mundari, and Nagpuri.


The literacy rate was 67.63% including 78.45% male and 56.21% female. There is a National Law University in Ranchi.


Jharkhand is famous for its hill stations (such as Netarhat), religious places (such as Rajrappa, Parasnath, and Baidyanath Dham), and waterfalls (such as Dassam Falls, Jonha Falls Hundru Falls, and Panchghagh Falls). Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary and Betla National Park are the major attractions for tourists. There are famous ancient temples like Samet Shikharji and Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple.

Dances and music

Life reflects in their festivals, fairs, dance, and music. Some tribal music is - Mardana Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Pratkali, Adhratiya, and Faguwa, and some major dance forms are - Nachni, Jadur, and Natua.


Various kinds of spices are used in the state’s cuisine. The favorite and famous dishes are Pitha, Arsa roti, Chilka roti, Dudhauri, Litti Chokha, panipuri, and Malpua. Bamboo shoots are used as a kind of vegetable. The most common staple foods are dal, rice, vegetables, and tubers. Rice beer is the local favorite drink.

All District of Jharkhand

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