Meghalaya is the land of clouds and rainfall as It is situated on the high hills. It is located in the northeast part of India. The biggest city and capital of the state are Shillong. The state has various varieties of fruits, vegetables, medical plants, and spices.
Meghalaya was part of the undivided Assam, and shipping was the capital of Assam since 1970. In 1970, Meghalaya was established as an independent state, and on 21st January 1972, obtained the signature of the independent state.
Fairs and festivals
The fairs and festivals in the state are celebrated with enthusiasm and amusement. There are popular fairs and festivals are the Wangala festival, Strawberry festival, Behdienkhlam festival, Christmas, Shad Suk Mynsiem festival, and much more.
The state covers an area of 22,429 km² of which 37.5% of the area is covered by forest. Its boundary is surrounded by Bangladesh (south and south-west), and Assam (east, north and north-west). There are numerous rivers, but the major rivers are Ildek, Dudnai, joinery, Krishna, Someshwari, Didak, Mahadeo, and Jinjiram. The world's highest rainfall occurs at Mawsynram village.
As per the 2011 census, The state's population is 2,964,007. The state majority of the population who are Christian. The largest tribe is the Khasis group. The state has three different tribes: the Khasi, Jaintia, and Garo.
The state has distinct tribes and they have their own culture and tradition. The culture of the state attracts people to visit and taste the foods. The specialty of the state is reflected in their crafting and carving skills. Bamboo and cane products, wood carving, and weaving are famous across India. Agriculture and small industries of weaving, crafting, and product making are the major occupations of the state. There are found coal, limestone, granite, and many other minerals.
The official language is English and the most used local languages are Khasi and Garo followed by Pnar, Bengali, Nepal, War, Hindi, Hajong, and Assamese.
The state had 75.5% literate people in 2011 as per the census. It has seven universities and five autonomous institutions.
Meghalaya is the best place for nature lovers. It is surrounded by greenery, clouds, lakes, and mountains. The view of the state is the major attraction of tourists. Shillong is also a tourist attraction because of its peak and rainfall that's why It is also called Scotland of the East. Cherrapunjee is popular for its beautiful waterfall i.e., Nohkalikai Falls.
Dance and music
Dance is a leading factor in the state. On every occasion, whether it is a birth, festival, wedding, or anniversary, dance is a must for the Meghalaya community such as Nongkrem Dance, Bahdienkhlam, Dorsegata Dance, Shad Suk Mynsiem, and Lahoo Dance. Their music is dedicated to the beauty of the land.
Meghalaya cuisine is unique. The main ingredients are rice, meat, fish along veggies. The popular dishes of the state are Dohkileh, Pukhlein, Pumaloi, Bamboo Shoots, and Jadot.
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