Tamil Nadu is a state which is situated in the southern part of India. Chennai is its capital as well as the largest city. It comprises 38 districts.
During ancient times, three crowned rulers ruled over the state i.e., Chera, Chola, and Pandyan. During the modern era, the British started ruling over the Madras. Hence, after the Independence of India, Madras’ presidency joined India on the linguistic line and became a Madras state on 26th January 1950. It was renamed Tamil Nadu on 14th January 1969.
Fairs and festivals
The people of Tamil Nadu celebrate every fair and festival incredibly. The state is rich in vibrant fairs and festival culture. Their fairs and festivals are Karthigai Deepam, Pongal, Chithirai festival Madurai, Mahamaham, Thyagaraja music festival, Velankanni, Navratri, Kavadi festival, Aurbathimoovar, tourism fair Chennai, etc.
The state is spread over an area of 130,058 km² of India. It shares a maritime border with an international country i.e., Sri Lanka. It also shares its borders with Indian states including Karnataka in the northwest, Kerala in the west, Andhra Pradesh in the north, and Puducherry in the east. The Bay of Bengal is covering Tamil Nadu in the east. It has the third-longest coastline.
The state's total population is 72,138,958 of which 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 are males and females. It is an extensively populous state among large states. The population of children under the age of 6 years is 7,423,832.
Tamil Nadu culture is influenced by Hinduism. The culture is portrayed by its art, literature, music, and dance. There are various Hindu temples in the state. The state's traditional dress for women is a sari and blouse and the traditional dress for men is Angavastram and lungi with a shirt.
Its official language is Tamil while the additional official language for communication is English.
Tamil is the most spoken language as well as the most surviving classical language.
Tamil Nadu is a considerably literate state. Its total literacy rate is 80.09% of which male and female literacy rate is 86.77% and 73.44%. There are notable educational institutions, colleges, and universities. The most literate district in the state is Kanyakumari.
The state is the highest tourist place in India. It is famous for its amazing ancient temple architecture. It is the home of innumerable temples, historical buildings, waterfalls, hill stations, national parks, and heritage sites.
Dances and music
Tamil Nadu is traditionally cultured in folk music and dances. The folk dances and music of the state depict the ethic, aesthetic significance, and harmony. The popular folk dance is Bharatanatyam and the music is Pann (Carnatic music).
Tamil cuisine is famous for vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods among Tamil people. They mainly eat meat along with lentils, rice, and legumes. They use the banana leaves on special occasions to serve food on them. Idli, sambar with chutney is a typical breakfast. The popular dishes are prawns Kuzhambu, rasam, uttapam, dosa, chicken Chettinad, vada, payasam, and banana Bonda.
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