Uttar Pradesh is an Indian state which is located in the northern region of India. Its capital is Lucknow and its largest city is Kanpur. It comprises 75 districts.
During the British Raj, Agra and Oudh came together and formed a single province, named it the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. After the Independence of India, it was renamed Uttar Pradesh.
Fairs and Festivals
Uttar Pradesh is the home of distinct fairs and festivals such as Diwali, Lath mar Holi, Buddha Purnima, Taj Mahotsav, Kumbh Mela, Rama Navami, Ganga Mahotsav, Buddha Purnima, Lucknow Mahotsav, Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, Maha Shivaratri, Chhath puja, etc.
Uttar Pradesh covers an area of 240,928 km². It is the fourth-largest area in India. Most of the state is plain. It is sharing an international border with Nepal. The state is covered by - Madhya Pradesh (to the south), Bihar(to the east), Haryana (to the west), Uttarakhand, and Himachal (to the north). There are four river flows in the state Ganga, Yamuna, Saryu, and Gomti. The Ganga and Yamuna meet at the Triveni Sangam in Allahabad.
The total population of the state is 199,581,477. The state is the most populated in India. It has mostly a population of a scheduled caste, while scheduled tribes are very less in population. There are numerous people who are below the poverty line. The state is highly dominated by Hindus and Muslims.
The state is highly cultured by its traditions and customs. The culture of the state is influenced by Muslims. The traditional attire of men is kurta-pajama and dhoti-kurta, and women's traditional attire is saree and salwar-kameez.
The state's official language is Hindi. Hindi is spoken by 80.16% of people, while other languages include Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Braj Bhasha, Urdu, Bengali, and Punjabi. Purvanchal used Bhojpuri, Awadh used Awadhi, and Braj used Braj Bhasha. The additional official language of the state is Urdu.
The state has rich heritage sites, ancient shrines, temples, mosques, churches, museums, ghats, mausoleums, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and gardens. Uttar Pradesh is the best and most visited tourist place. It has wonderful cultural splendor and historic architecture.
The total literate population of the state is 114,397,555 out of the total population. The male and female literacy rate is 77.28 % and 57.18 %. The state has effective educational institutions, universities, and colleges.
Dances and music
Dances and music are the pride of Uttar Pradesh. Folk dances and music are rooted in the land of the state. The state's popular folk dances are Khathak and Rasiya, while popular folk music is Marsiya, Ghazal, Kajari, Qawwali, Chaiti, and Birha.
Uttar Pradesh cuisine consists of two other cuisines, i.e., Awadhi and Mughalai cuisine. The popular beverages in the state are Lassi and Chaach. Banarasi paan is also popular all over India. There are special kinds of thalis that are served, such as festive thali and north Indian thali. The staple food of the state is wheat. The famous dishes of the state are palak paneer, kachori, samosa, kofta, and Nemona, and the popular sweets are kulfi, Sheer korma, kheer, and Gond Ke Laddoo.
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