Hooghly got its name from the town of Hooghly on the west bank of the Hugli River about 25 miles [40 km] north of West Bengal. The village was a major trading port in pre-colonial India. Hooghly (now Hugli) was founded by the Portuguese in 1537 following the fall of Satgaon, the commercial capital of Lower Bengal. Mughal forces ousted the Portuguese from Hooghly in 1632. Hooghly also became the first English settlement (1651) in Lower Bengal; was abandoned in 1690 in Calcutta (now West Bengal).
Hooghly is one of the most economically developed regions in West Bengal. It is a major jute farm, jute industry, and jute hub for trade in the province. Jute mills along the Hooghly River in Tribeni, Bhadreswar, Champdani, and Sreerampur.
The region has an area of 3149 km2.
There are 4 total districts in Hooghly.
There are 1842 total villages in the region.
There are a total of 77 towns in the region.
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